Saturday, December 1, 2012

Body Armor/Plate Carrier Profile/Tactical Considerations!!

In the comments section to my Body Armor/Plate carrier post (followed up by supplentary posts on gear HERE and HERE), Matt Bracken left an excellent comment. I am reposting it here with the aim of kicking off a debate on the subject matter. Matt actually states that he's not trying to start off a debate, but it seems like a topic for a mature discussion, which will hopefully inform peoples opinions and lead to the growth of tactical knowledge.

Matt Bracken's comments are here:

I should have posted this reply here on this thread first, so here goes.

I have some reservations about hard plates for post SHTF. Soft concealed armor will be important for visiting the local shop-and-robs that might still be in business, but hard exterior body armor for civilians makes me wonder.

Modern soldiers wear it, but they are making a "deal" as soldiers. "I will follow orders and assault hard targets with people shooting at me. My chain of command will give me the best armor, and immediate advanced medical treatment in case I'm shot."

Little of this applies to civilians pere or post SHTF. First, you should avoid assaulting hard targets unless absolutely forced to by circumstance. You are not Superman, and there is no field hospital a short helo ride away. As a post SHTF civilian, if you get shot with a rifle bullet one inch outside the hard plate, you are a dead man, and your family just lost their #1 defender and provider.

To the extent that a hard plate makes you feel "bullet proof," they may actually cause you to take more risks than are necessary. Soldiers have medics leading all the way to hospitals to take care of that sucking chest wound: you do not. You must adapt the tactics of stealth and avoidance. Travel light, travel at night. Sneakypete is the way to go. Not Rambo, weighed down like a modern soldier.

The most dangerous enemy will be the guy with a scoped rifle you never saw. You must not be seen to avoid his fire. If you are walking in the open wearing top-heavy body armor, it will be obvious, and the sniper will make a head or pelvis shot.

To survive SHTF, don't try to load out like Rambo. Be like the VC in black pajamas, moving like a ninja, in the shadows, in the treelines and gullies, never seen. Even wearing hard body armor, to be seen is to be shot, in a USA with tens of millions of scoped rifles floating around.

I'm not trying to start a debate, but merely to point out that there are differing views on armor's usefulness, pros and cons. My training was from VN-era SEALs, and it was all about stealth. The body armor of that era (1980s) was too heavy and not rifle-proof, so we didn't wear armor at all. Plus, we were often in a watery environment, or around water, and a water escape or infil/exfil route was always a consideration.

In general, we tried to be light and streamlined, more like a slippery unseen VC than the modern Robocop soldier coming down the street in a vehicle. That philosophy is still ingrained in this "old-timer." (I'm 55, but I still run.)


Max Velocity's comments: Matt's comments are very well informed and well taken. Give it some serious consideration.

I will add my two cents, in the spirit of adding value rather than arguing. Matt's approach is excellent. I have banged on at great length in my writings, including my books, about the need to AVOID trouble as a first strategy. I have also banged on about the differences in profile, or posture, between high and low profiles, which you could also call covert or overt posture. You need to consider your posture and how appropriate it is in the circumstances.

However, I feel strongly that if you are potentially going to get into a gunfight, then you would be well served with ballistic rifle plates. As is often the case, it comes down to "METT-TC' which is just a military way of saying that the approach depends on the situation and circumstances in which you find yourself. The stealthy approach is good, but you may not always be able to dictate the circumstances in such a way, and therefore it may be useful to have the body armor.

Military body armor is often bulky in a way that civilian body armor is not always. I would rather be wearing a plate carrier with ballistic rifle plates, including perhaps side plates, than a fully concealable soft vest, which maybe only NIJ level II or III and therefore only stopping handgun rounds.

Full body armor with soft armor  and plates can be bulky, but I personally have a set that I often wore under shirts. An approach that I have taken on mission is to adapt the profile to the mission and circumstances. With either a full set of armor or a plate carrier that is not too bulky, you can hide it under a shirt, at least to a certain extent. You can then carry a man-bag and/or day pack for your ammo load.

Body armor gets bulky once you add the pouches to turn it into a full tactical load vest. Once you do that, it gets so it is not concealable, and moves into the realm of Matt Bracken's description. Such armor however would be useful for tactical operations and things such as defense, including movement in vehicles. Also the tactical body armor covers, even without pouches, tend to  be bulky, covered with MOLLE webbing etc. A way to get around this is to have the pouches mounted on an over armor tactical vest or alternative such as a chest rig and/or battle belt. This makes your gear modular and allows you to wear the body armor alone, in a soft fabric civilian cover, or to put the tactical vest on over top and go fully tactical.

I would question the utility of wearing just soft armor which is only protected against handgun calibers. The bigger threat is rifle, including the scoped rifles that Matt refers to. I would rather, if going low profile, wear a slimline plate carrier  or full set of body armor that would fit nicely under a shirt. This would protect against rifle and handgun rounds, and can still be relatively low profile. It would not give you that soldier appearance that Matt refers to.

Back when I joined the army in the early 90s, body armor was not the thing. It has now reached a technical and price point where it is a real option. You don't have to be a soldier attacking hard targets to find a use with body armor. I have worn it on high risk missions where the plan was to run away from enemy contact. Those were both high and low profile. For the low profile, full body armor was concealed under shirts and grab bags were carried for ammo. High profile, the full tactical vest was put on over top to make the full combat load.

If you do get a PC or full set of armor that you attach pouches to, you do limit your potential to go covert, and you are effectively showing a high profile. You can still disguise that to an extent with a shirt or jacket inside a vehicle. If you want to be fully covert, then you are either not wearing body armor or you are wearing a slim set of level II or II stuff. But that may be appropriate.

Rather than feeling bullet proof while wearing armor, I rather take the approach that I am mitigating my chances of receiving a penetrating  gunshot wound to the torso. Be aware of this, wearing armor does not make you invincible. It may also make you a target if you are cutting about in a full battle rattle in open view.

Overall, I feel that anytime I am going to be carrying my battle rifle, for whatever reason, I want to be wearing at least a plate carrier with load out to carry my first line ammo scales plus IFAK and ancillaries. I could be wearing that in the low profile way I described, or openly in a tactical way. If I am doing something else that required more of a low profile, where I may be only carrying a handgun, then I am either not wearing  body armor or I have it concealed under a shirt or jacket.

I think the key lesson here is to not 'situate yourself' too much with your gear. Make yourself flexible to the circumstances, and make your gear so it can adapt. The most flexible approach is to have a full set of body armor (soft armor plus plates) in a soft civilian cover. You can then use it with or without the plates. Then have your tactical load in an over armor vest or chest rig/battle belt that can be worn with or without the armor. You have a system then, to work with.

Having said that, I have a fully loaded tactical plate carrier in the basement, the plates salvaged from my full set of body armor with soft cover....Oops.

Comments?

BTW, here is one of Matt Brackens books, Castigo Cay.

Or: Enemies Foregn and Domestic

Matt Brackens Website





7 comments:

  1. I have a PC with soft and hard plates.

    Maybe I'll need them, maybe I won't. I'd rather have them than not.

    I don't plan on assaulting hard targets, but I am the primary protector of my family, and owe it to them to stay in the fight.

    Whatever that means.

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  2. I personally love the ar500 steel plates that I have. Yup, they are a little heavy. But I'm not exactly a ninja myself. I also have some lighter ceramic plates for use in a simple carrier or under my web gear.
    Some days I just wear them around doing things to get used to the bulk. "Hitting the heavy bag for 10 minutes with steel plates and loaded OTV is a hell of a workout."
    I've always considered the steel plate setup an extreme defensive setup. Or as was mentioned before, vehicle usage. It can be ripped off and dropped in less than 20 seconds if the need to beat feet ever arises. IDK. I can see it both ways. Sneaky and heavy. Why not practice both and use each when the need arises?

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  3. Mr. Bracken makes great points, in a total shit storm of tyranical government taking a serious hit that requires a doctor to fix in a surgical enviro is probably just a death sentence. So I have always wondered what the point of carrying a tourniquet was anyway, or that FreeFor would form up into line infantry. ( as an aside it would be nice if he produced another Kilmer book)

    But in a semi-lawless enviroment, say a Southwestern state becoming Aztlan where you own a homestead under attack from a somewhat protected gang then I could see the need for this generation body armor. It ups your survival odds and if you do take a peripheral hit you still have a chance of finding medical attention. FYI about 1980s body armor, the second gen jackets we were issued were tested by a friend, they would stop a 44mag but were penetrated by 22Lr, just in case you get a deal at the local surplus store.

    My choice as a suburban shmoe, a belt with harness and an attached go bag, not much different than my issue circa early mid 80s. If a tornado hits and I need to hit the civilian streets I have first aid and it looks it and local LE won't get their threat sensors in alarm as if I were wearing a PC (FTR our local SWAT has $3000 per man armor outfits). Still as budget allows its gonna be a High Speed wahoochie with steel plates. RRS

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  4. I'm on the fence about this. I've been working very hard to lose weight, get faster and stronger so I can carry more ammo, water and medicine, etc. I've also got to watch out for my joints, so I'm not sure how much progress I would need to make before I felt comfortable strapping on a huge load of steel plates. But I definitely see the idea.

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  5. I think that both have merits, if for example you're going to meet someone to negotiate a trade agreement, turning up with rifle slung, covered in plates and MICH sends the wrong message and then a suit and soft armour comes in to play.

    Conversely there will be times where you need to wear armour, short sleeves, helmets, tactical beards and slick oakley glasses to get in to show your strength and competence off.

    As Max knows being a former Para (Para, Para in the sky...), there are times us Brits removed our helmets and put our berets on when on patrol, this was not only a sign of peace to the locals, it shows that we're not intimidated by your forces and we really couldn't give a fuck about what you try.

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  6. Just to follow up: if you don't want to be restricted by wearing a full tactical plate carrier/set of body armor, then you can plan your gear around a series of 'options'. One approach is:

    Buy soft armor NIJ level IIIA, with level III or IV ballistic plates. Buy it in a civilian style soft fabric cover. This can be worn under a shirt with or without the plates. Manufacturers will do various styles, and even with the plates they will do 'covert' less bulky vests.

    Then buy a chest rig or over armor vest or battle belt or whatever you prefer to carry your combat load in. This will go over the top of the body armor when you need it, or even without the body armor. Buy some sort of 'man bag' or 'EDC' bag for if you want to be low profile with the armor under a shirt but don't want to wear the tactical rig. You just carry the mags in the 'grab bag' which can sit in a vehicle with your battle rifle, or go over your shoulder if you carry the rifle to dismount.

    'Back in the day' when body armor was not as it is now, and I was in the Paras, we used to wear a full set of 'webbing' which is essentially a heavy battle belt, containing ammo, 48 hours worth of rations, water etc. Pouches all the way round the back. It was supplemented by either a daypack or ruck (a 'bergan' for the Brits out there!) which would sit on top of the rear pouches. Excellent for dismounted operations, not so good for vehicles, where you can carry less and do without the pouches around the back, so you can sit in the vehicle better.

    In those days (90's), we used to wear the body armor under our 'smocks'. Sometimes it would be worn, others not. Depending on the operation, threat and also temperature factors. It wasn't worn in the jungle on patrol, but sometimes body armor and helmets would be carried to be put on for camp atacks etc.

    So if you want the flexibility, I am advocating a system similar to that, were you have a set of body armor that you can wear or not, plates or soft armor maybe or maybe not. Have your combat load separate in either a battle belt, or a more modern version is to have it in a tactical vest that will go on over body armor, or without it, as you decide is best for the circmumstances.

    In the heat, you will have to be fit and motivated to wear body armor and a full combat load. Make sure your plan is going to work with your fitness and heat/sweat tolerance level.

    As usual: do more PT. Drink more water.

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  7. Maybe we are looking at this from the wrong direction.
    Maybe rather than set aside the armor because it promotes risky tactics due to the lack of medical support, we should be building that medical support?

    I totally agree with Matt here that having the armor may make folks decide to do dumb things but I have to trust that I will make the best decision based on the situation. If the situation dictates that I need to plate up then I want the plates.


    Grenadier1

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